Bio Ethanol Pros and Cons

The race to find a better alternative energy source continues. This is because the efficiency of fossil fuels is astounding. Carbon dioxide emissions from fossil power plants are the number one killer of the environment. In many ways, it is slowly dragging our planet to a failed end.
For this reason, many researchers are constantly learning new sources, new methods that provide people with energy that is as effective and efficient as our existing method, but can generate less or zero emissions. So far, these alternative sources are solar energy, tidal energy, wind energy and others.
The point is, one of these sources can power a car and other fuel-efficient cars. Solar energy is slowly attracting attention, but still not enough to run cars and machines. The solution is to find a fuel source that can be burned. It’s something that engines can go in and evaporate to drive millions of cars running on conventional fuel-based engines. Bio ethanol is one of the solutions developed by technology. It is a new type of fuel that can be used in cars and other equipment as well. It has already been described as a revolutionary thing because it comes from natural sources, but there is controversy and debate among environmentalists as to whether ethanol is really a benefit or another evil for the planet. To understand this problem, we must draw both sides. We need to learn the pros and cons of this alternative fuel to know that it is of no use.

Bio ethanol fuel does not emit lethal carbon emissions; can actually reduce waste by up to ninety percent. It is also produced from natural sources, products such as corn and other products, and generally used for animal feed. Therefore, it is less likely to be polluting. It is really clean and green.

However, enough products are needed to produce a sufficient amount of biofuels. Therefore, it definitely creates a balance. Products that need to be used as feed will be used to produce fuel. This will result in an increase in the price of animal feed and fluctuate, as well as an increase in the price of feed. Finally, it would starve people. In addition, there is a great demand for products to produce this type of fuel, so a large amount of land is needed to convert it into arable land. This would not only disrupt the natural habitat of animals, but also create less space for humans and animals. As a result, it would create an imbalance that would lead to starvation. Another issue is the inexpediency of using large amounts of bioethanol in vehicles. therefore, you still need to mix it with residual fuel.


Carpet Stretching – Everything You Need to Know (Not to Do It Yourself)

Why you need to stretch the carpet:

Carpet stretching is generally done in two different situations: during initial installation and for carpet repair. The initial stretching during installation ensures that the carpet is trained, strengthened and even between all floor coverings. The learned carpet will remain in place and will remain flat and smooth where it belongs.
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What causes carpets to wavy or wobble:

  • Poor installation: The carpet may not be installed properly. In most cases, the installer did not use the power cord properly or at all during a bad installation.
  • Excessive wear due to traffic: Occasionally wheelchairs, walkways, bicycles, etc. Due to this, a carpet needs to be stretched again. Even if it is installed perfectly, it can be left empty without excessive wear.
  • Sliding heavy furniture: Carpet is made of fabric layer. Heavy furniture can cause ripples when it slides over the carpet.
  • Latex: If the latex that connects the support deteriorates, it is called delamination, the carpet essentially loses its place in the hands, resulting in bending and loss of fiber.
  • Wrong pillow for carpet type. Some pile types require certain pillow types; If they are not paired properly, there may not be enough grip and support, resulting in carpet buckles. When buying a carpet, be sure to consult a specialist or manufacturer’s manager to get the right filling to accompany it.

If your carpet is wavy:

(to lie down or not to lie down)
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If you have a carpet that looks more like the ocean than a flat carpet, you may have a problem. It wears out faster as it starts to loosen and ripple. The bigger the waves, the faster the waves grow. The reason for this is that the carpet is stretched straight and does not move. As you walk through the waves of the carpet, it causes the carpet to move up and down and loosens it even more.
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If your carpet is empty, it’s time to move on. In most cases, stretching the carpet can create waves and buckles, and there is no need to spend money on how the carpet is laid.
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Carpet stretching is a general type of carpet repair that involves pulling the carpet up from one or more edges of the room, re-extending it to a suitable strength, cutting the carpet to the required length, placing it in place, and finally assembling it. along the edge.
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Like any type of carpet repair, a stretch carpet is more involved than it looks. Stretching the carpet is not just about straightening and re-fixing the waves or pulling them by hand from the edges like a sheet. Carpet stretching comes with its own tools and techniques to help you do the job properly.
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Basic carpet stretching tools

All of these tools will be in the hands of a carpet repairman. If you decide to try and stretch the carpet yourself, most or all of these tools should be available for rent or purchase at a relatively reasonable price. Even contracting to stretch your carpet is more profitable than relocating the carpet, so in either case, these tools in your hands or in the hands of others will save you some money.

Partial list

  • The knee stretches. A knee stretcher, also known as a kicker, is a special tool with a cushion on one end (don’t kick) on your knee to stick to the carpet at one end to ‘kick’ your quadriceps!
  • Strong carpet stretches. In business, we usually call this self-injury. Stretching is the most important tool for stretching the carpet. Specially designed to fit any size room and help the carpet stretch more effectively than you can with your hands (or knees). It has a strong carpet stretcher, a very long pole with a carpet handle at one end, a wall reinforcement on the other side, and an armrest in the middle. Do not even try to extend a carpet without a carpet. This is the most expensive tool of many of our carpet owners.
  • Carpet or slit knife. As you can imagine, a good carpet knife involved in almost every carpet repair job will never irritate you. In the case of stretching the carpet, the knife is used to straighten the edge of the carpet after it has been pulled hard.
  • Punch weapon. Industrial carpet staple gun is not an ordinary staple weapon. The punches are narrow enough to fit between sleeps. Carpet staple guns are not always necessary for stretching carpets, but it’s good to have them on hand just to be sure. Because a properly stretched carpet is so dense that only a strip of tape cannot hold it satisfactorily, in which case the punch gun eliminates the suspicion.
  • Staircase. A cut like a tool used to cut the carpet after cutting it to the required size.
  • Good luck. It resembles an ice collector used to tie a carpet to a strip of clothing
  • Hammer.

Carpet stretching: Do your homework first
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There are a few things to keep in mind when your carpet repair task is to extend the carpet.

Carpet manufacturers determine the appropriate type of covering for different types of carpets, as well as the appropriate carpet stretching methods and quantities. Some types may not be suitable for others. For example, a jute fiber-backed carpet should be slightly denser than a synthetic fiber-backed foam fiber. Some woven carpets will stretch to one side and not to the other. Before starting work, consult the manufacturer’s instructions or a carpet repair specialist to get all the facts. Knowing what you are working with is as important as knowing what you are doing.
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The following is an overly simplified training. If you still do not know what you are doing, it is better to just hire a specialist. If you decide you want to struggle by stretching your carpet, I suggest that you take the time to use your head, keep your knives sharp, not just try to hit hard with your knees, and most importantly, be careful.
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Carpet stretching method

The first step is to empty the room of furniture. If you really know what you’re doing, then you can work around some furniture, but if you’re inexperienced, I suggest you do yourself a favor and empty the room.
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Determine the direction in which the carpet should be pulled. In most cases, the carpet needs to be pulled in only one direction.

Remove any metal strips on the road. Nails of some flat metal strips should be removed. Another type of metal strip is called a clamp down metal. Open the carpet with a straight cut or a ladder (slightly) to free it from the metal clamp. There are many different metal strips to describe here that you need to understand.
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Use your foot to lift the edge of the carpet. Go to a corner of the room and tap the inside of the carpet about 6 “away from the wall. From here you will be able to pull the carpet up. If you don’t have legs, you can probably use a pliers.
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Now it’s time to open the carpet stretch. Place the tip of the foot against the broom board and a few inches away from the wall where your head rests. The energy stretch is stronger for tearing the carpet, so be careful to stretch the carpet long enough to remove wrinkles (and maybe a little more). Stretching the carpet is not a good idea, because you will create waves going in the other direction. Again, stretch the carpet as much as you need to eliminate the waves.
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Use the stroke to make small adjustments.

Start in the center of the room and extend the carpet at a slight angle to the corners. Each time you press the handle of the electric extension, you will pull the carpet.
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Cut the carpet from the back using a threaded paring knife. You need to cut so that it still applies enough to penetrate the groove between the adhesive strip and the wall. If you cut the carpet a little too short, you can probably lengthen it a little more. If you cut too long to put it right, cut a little longer.
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Push the carpet to the nails coming out of the strip before moving on to the next area. If it is difficult for the carpet to stick to the adhesive strip, use a carpet staple gun.
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If you use a punch gun, be sure to lower the point of the gun between sleeps so that you only punch the support of the support strip and do not punch the sleeper down. Continue to stretch, cut, touch, and pull across the room. Replace any metal switch and viola!
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American Dream – What Does It Cost?

Ask people, “How many people are you happy with?” The answer of the vast majority of people is “I am not”. And when asked what they want more from life, the typical answer is “I want to be happy,” as if happiness is somewhere like Disneyland or Happy Land. But happiness is not destination. This is a period. In fact, happiness is not so much a feeling (contrary to the popular culture reinforced by the media), but rather a state of being and an attitude if you will. It stems from feeling connected to everything and everyone. It is the level of our consciousness that makes the difference between being “happy” or unhappy.
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It is increasingly easy to live in an artificial world, to forget our spiritual roots, and it is very difficult not to experience the illusion of life more than life itself. When we live under the slogan “The most happy toy”, not the “Most happy toy”, we experience an artificial joy that prevents us from living fully here and now, always in contact with real people. live life and true joy. Perhaps this is why many of us, knowingly or unknowingly, have been subjected to the illusion of the American dream and the sweet promise of success based on a system of materialist values.
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So instead of rushing to say, “I want more money,” ask yourself “at what cost” by mixing material success with more love and joy? Is high price tag worth the effort to achieve success, which is narrowly defined by AMERICAN DREAMS? and great selflessness? It is easy to forget what is really important to watch the AMERICAN DAY and ignore the many traps of success. You can discover that you are not just “there” just to go “there.” There is more to life than material success and living with a code of external and shallow values ​​that does not really serve our highest good and purpose, and then you get frustrated and life easily turns into an empty experience or goal devoid of meaning and true joy.
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This is not to say that you should not strive for perfection and even material success. There is nothing virtuous about being poor. How can you help people when you are suffering? Unfortunately, money has such a bad name (“money is the root of all evil”). In fact, the love of money – greed – drives some to commit crimes that are the root of all evil). Used properly, money can be a very useful tool for making a difference.

It makes more sense to live well for yourself because you can give yourself to benefit others. You are an expression of life and require your active participation in the process of life through creativity and prosperity. However, it is important that you make informed decisions that the promise of the AMERICAN DREAM (to have it all, to enjoy it all, and to live happily ever after) based on a materialist and shallow value system is just a dream. it may not be to your advantage and may actually do you more harm than good. Success has its traps. It requires a very high price tag that may not be worth it.

But if you still insist on knowing whether or not you have reached the “Happy Land,” you will eventually know when you live your life consciously. This means that you are grateful for all the blessings in your life (remember that it can always be bad). Your joy in life does not depend on external values, such as the accumulation of goods that produce artificial joy that is as temporary as cruel. You stop defining yourself based on someone’s narrow definition of who you are and who you should be. After all, your true nature, which is constantly changing and expanding, is superior to any artificial definition. Now there is something to be excited about.

Focused intentions

Those who run to your target, get ready, go! When I ran the track in high school, runners lined up to run 100 yards. Each had a single focus and intention. They wanted to be the first to cross the finish line before anyone else. This required an inward and seemingly constant focus on their goals, because a single mistake could cost them a race.

When a person is engaged in achieving a goal, you must focus your mind and heart on the task at hand. Setting a goal to achieve is a good start. There should be small targets for you to be on the road for your main goal on the road. Setting goals focuses your attention. They force you to watch with the highest intention.

Seeing with your own eyes what you can’t see with them is a good way to reach your goals in life. For example, take a pebble and throw it into a pond or lake. Watch the waves move and spread in the lake or pond. Then see how much you can watch from the gravel as you walk to the bottom of the lake or pond. You will not be able to see where the gravel is going at once. It requires you to see with your own eyes what you can no longer see with them. You know exactly where that rock is going. Went to the bottom. It is the foundation of what connects each part of the pond.

Your spirit or inner vision is like this pond. When you choose to focus on a specific intention or goal, you will realize your energy. Then the ripple effect causes movements in the pool or in your life. Although none of us can predict our course in life, we can know where we are going. We go to the source. It is the foundation that holds all life together.

How do you know what your intentions are? What is your favorite hobby? Have you ever considered turning this into your career? For example, do you like golf and consider yourself a salesman? Then try to find a way to invest in or sell golf equipment. There are many ways to explore your rich thoughts and link them to your interests. Hunch, you’ll be glad I did. The richness of your life will come out of your wealth or thoughts.

I know a man who had a dream. He dreamed of becoming the next President of the United States. His dream was to make such a playground economically viable for all Americans. His message was one of Hope. His careful intentions were to be able to live in order to realize his dream. He went all over the country to share a message of hope for all Americans. After winning the Democratic nomination after a two-year campaign against Republican nominee John McCain, on November 4, 2008, President Barack Obama saw his intentions in the spotlight manifest themselves in material reality. He made history as the first black American president of our time.

Have a dream? What is this? Have you been focusing on this dream for years? Why not make it a reality? Make your dream come true by setting small goals that you can achieve every step of the way until you reach your ultimate goal. You will be glad you did. Insight is seeing what you want to see in front of you from within. Stay true to your purpose in life. Find out why you are here. Then create meaning in your life by fulfilling your destiny.

Sam Oliver, author, “Another Way to Healing”

Spain-Chile Relationship – A SWOT Analysis

Chile has been historically isolated as a result of its geographical and economic characteristics, with roughly 98% of all its imports arriving via ports. However, in the past 30 years the country has undergone a massive change, finding itself now in the vanguard of the Free Market movement – being a world leader in the signing of Free Trade Accords – and shedding its former protectionist economic policies.

As a result Chile has been at the forefront with respect to many Latin American countries when it comes to globalization and accessing worldwide markets. This in turn, has led to Chile sustaining economic growth similar to other emerging economies.

As part of this opening of the country to foreign markets the Chilean government recently redistributed political power on a regional basis with the incorporation of two new regions, the Arica-Parinacota and Los Ríos. The idea behind the creation of these two new regions was to foment revenues in tourism, mining, agriculture and communications, while at the same time aiming to empower the regions and decentralize power from the capital. The new regions were approved Mar. 15, 2007 by President Michelle Bachelet.

The government’s policies have translated in strong economic growth, with the GDP in 2007 coming in at 5.2% versus 4% in 2006. On the downside, the country is feeling effects from the current global economic malaise, with unemployment hitting 7.2% in 2007. Strong economic growth has also led to a sharp rise in inflation, up from 2.6% in 2006 to 7.8% in 2007 on the back of higher petroleum prices and the ripple effect on food prices, coupled with adverse weather conditions.

It should be noted that Spain’s economy is also going through a rough batch, with unemployment hitting 9.6% for the first quarter of 2008 – the highest it’s been in three years – the third consecutive quarter of rising unemployment. This sharp increase in unemployment has even stoked concerns the Spanish government may run-out of funds to pay unemployment benefits in September.

Still – and despite the domestic nature of current Spanish press with respect to the collapse of its construction sector and rising unemployment – the general perception of Chile in Spain is one of a Latin American country that has undergone a rigorous economic policy that has led to its being considered as an emerging country with a relatively low country risk.

In a roundabout way Chile could benefit from a struggling Spanish economy – which has been built on EU subsidies and a booming construction sector – as many Spanish companies feel they must diversify and look outside their borders for growth. Of particular interest are Spanish construction companies which have been heavily diversifying in Spain into the energy sector. Spanish companies are particularly interested in projects in Latin America, Middle East, Eastern Europe and Asia.

In Spanish business circles it is commented that Chile’s economic stability – in sharp contrast to that experienced in other Latin American countries – has made the country attractive for investment. While mining remains a sector of interest, Spanish companies are also attracted to the banking, telecommunication and electricity sectors.

Despite the strong rise in Chile’s inflation, Spanish analysts see continued economic stability in that country, with sustained economic growth, albeit at lower rates than in previous years given the current global economic downturn.

In general, it is viewed, however, that growth will most likely come from Chile’s continued emphasis on exports and a drive to entice foreign investment. To further encourage foreign investments Chile must continue to ensure not only the liberalization of its markets and financial transparency, but seek to optimize its Free Trade agreements.

That said, it is often mentioned in Spain that the downside of Chile’s economic growth is that wealth is not being equally divided among the Chilean population. More concretely, the difference between Chile’s wealthy and its poor is becoming increasingly pronounced. In this age of corporate responsibility, and with its growing importance in the Spanish corporate world, such discrepancies in wealth distribution could come into play with respect to future investments, either in positive or negative light.

With respect to Trade, Chile exports more than it imports, with energy representing around 63% of Chile’s exports in 2006, while it only imported around 25% in the same period.

Those figures are misleading, however as Chile has limited domestic energy resources, with the country importing the majority of its energy needs. Chile has shown a reliance on natural gas exports, in particular those coming from Argentina. Since 2004 – when Argentina began restricting its natural gas exports – Chile has been revising its energy policy.

Outside of energy, Chile also exports significant agricultural goods (fruits and horticultures), representing around 20% of all exports in 2006, while it only imported 7% in this category for the same year. In 2006, manufacturing goods represented around 10% of all of Chile’s exports, while it imported close to 60% in the same category of goods.

Or in other terms, Chile’s export structure is basically divided equally between industrial (45%) and mining (45%) and the remaining 10% in agricultural goods.

Within the industrial products, the largest export items are cellulose, methanol and chemical products. Of increasing importance in the last decade are forest products, salmon and wine.

It should be mentioned that while Chile is attempting to diversify away from its dependence upon the semi-manufacturing of copper – a product that represented 60% of the country’s exports in the 1970s – to 35% in 2004, this product is still overly represented in the country’s export basket and the Trade Balance as a result of global demands and rising market prices for this commodity.

Copper exports in 2007 represented roughly 45% of the total exports on a Trade Balance basis.

Chile exported $1.3 billion to Spain in 2007, down slightly from almost $1.4 billion in 2006. By comparison, Chile exported $8.4 billion in 2007 to the United States, slightly down from $8.9 billion in 2006. With respect to imports, Chile received $845 million in goods from Spain in 2007, up from $708 million in 2006. With respect to the U.S., $7.3 billion of North American goods were imported in 2007, up sharply from the $5.6 billion Chile imported in 2006.


Despite Chile’s positive economic story, that news isn’t hitting Spain – in fact, news coverage of Chile in Spain is close to non-existent. As an example, when several Spanish businessmen were asked to mention a current article that they had read about Chile they couldn’t name one. Almost invariably the response had something to do with the Dictator Pinochet or the current president, Michelle Bachelet, who is seen as a something as a novelty, in line with Argentina’s Cristina Kirchner.

Other recent news items related to Chile include: reports a Nazi “Doctor of Death,” could be hiding in Chile; the closing of an investigation in the death of popular actor and singer 35 years after his death; Chile and Hawaii are both trying to get a contract for a giant telescope; A Chilean gang was busted with objects stolen from Europe; Ongoing news coverage of Peru’s ex-president Fujimori who is being held in a Chilean prison; and the widespread access of internet in Chile.

There was widespread coverage of the EU-Latin America Summit in Chile, but again the coverage was geared for Spain’s domestic audience, with the primary news being whether or not Venezuela’s Chavez had apologized to Spain’s King Juan Carlos I – or vice versa – after the Royal told the President to “shut up” at a summit last year in Chile.

When Chile is covered in the press, it is almost always in terms related to Spanish businesses that are operating in that country. Specifically, there are repeated stories related to various Spanish energy and telecommunications companies, but in general they lack depth and are not in and of themselves the types of articles that would entice investors.

There have also been recent articles about threats to Spanish companies.

Specifically, there has been negative press regarding the US businessman Douglas Tompkins (owner of Patagonia and North Face) who it is reported is buying up land in Chile. Reports in Spain claim Tompkins is trying to buy enough land to create a wildlife preserve in the south of the country – and which would run from the Andes to the sea, effectively cutting the country in two. There are concerns this could affect Spanish company Endesa which has plans to build hydroelectric dams near the project. In typical Spanish fashion of looking for extremely bizarre details, the ABC newspaper reported speculation is rife in the Chilean region that Tompkins could be planning on exporting water or even building a new promised land for some Jewish sect.

There are occasionally articles related to tourism, but these are most often related to trade publications. In general, the perception is that there are more articles on the Caribbean, Mexico and Peru than those published on Chile. One person interviewed for this report, said they were shocked that a family member was thinking of going to Chile for holidays instead of some place more “exotic.”

There is next to no coverage of Chilean imports, although there is a moderate knowledge of the quality of that country’s wines – but this is covered in select media aimed an even more select reader, which is perhaps not surprising given Spain’s own personal, and abundant, history with wine.

This lack of knowledge is also backed up by a 2006 survey by the Spanish state agency CIS that noted that of those individuals polled on their viewing news habits, only 7.8% of the respondents said they watched “A Lot” of news related to Latin America, and 49% “Quite A Bit.” The most popular items in Spain are related to news about the European Union, followed by those about the North Africa. News items regarding Latin America were the fourth most popular items (EU, North of Africa, US, and Latin America, in that order). In general, Spaniards identify more with European countries, and North Africa, although there are some indications of change. In a late 2007 CIS survey, 31% of those Spaniards polled thought that Spain should develop programs in Latin America to foment economic growth.

However, just the previous year the CIS noted that in terms of international politics, 56% of the respondents thought European Integration was extremely important, with only 8.6% showing concern about relations with Latin America.

It is interesting to note that this shift has also been accompanied with a rise in Latin American immigrants in Spain, accompanied with rising unemployment.

Amazingly, despite 85% of those polled saying they had never travelled to a Latin American country the vast majority believed the principal problem in Latin America was a lack of democracy, weak economies and corruption. Of those who had travelled to Latin America, the vast majority visited Mexico (24.5%), while only 5.7% went to Chile.

With respect to the perception of which Latin American politicians are implementing measures to further their economies, there has been recently a dramatic shift in favor of Chile. In a CIS report released May 29, 2008 (administered in Nov. 2007), on a scale of 1 to 10, Spaniards rated Chile’s Bachelet as being the most effective Latin American leader with a 4.93 ranking. The next most highly ranked Latin American leader was Brazil’s Lula with a 4.61 out of 10 ranking. Bolivia’s Morales had received a 3.42 rating, while Cuba’s Fidel Castro got a 1.82 out of 10.

While this recent survey is not exactly measuring the same criteria, it is interesting to note that of those polled in a 2006 CIS survey, 19% of them gave Brazil’s Lula high marks, followed by Bolivia’s Morales (16%). Only 6.6% of those Spaniards polled in that survey valued the job done by Chile’s Bachelet, which in relative terms was only slightly higher than the 3.7% who amazingly thought that Cuba’s Fidel Castro was doing a good job.

Despite the improvement in the perception of Chile’s government, it remains clear that country’s message is not reaching the Spanish public, but then this is a public where 35% of the population has never heard of the Latin American Summits.



  • As a result of its having the jump on other Latin American countries with respect to liberalizing its markets there is a generalized perception that in Chile there is an elevated sophistication and professionalism when dealing with Chilean businessman.
  • The Chilean telecommunications and software sectors are viewed as being consolidated and highly respected.
  • Tourism is a definite strength with not only majestic views, but also the added benefit that it’s viewed as safe to travel to remote locations, unlike in several other Latin American countries. After all, what good is a vacation if you can’t come home to develop the photos.
  • As mentioned repeatedly in this report, Chile’s economy is seen as a definite bonus, with the government fully seeking to follow a Free Market model, and entice foreign investors.
  • A willingness – and business code – to allow foreign investors buy or create businesses in Chile without any type of restriction of discrimination toward foreigners.
  • A favorable tax regime, which avoids double taxation with Spain. Direct tax on Companies/Societies is 17% on profits; Indirect tax of VAT 19%.
  • Patent protection: Chile subscribes to strict patent protocol, including that of the Paris accord and recognizes those patents that were issued in other countries. Patents should be registered also in Chile to receive full protection.
  • Common language – Spanish – and in many respects a common culture and religion. This is not to be downplayed as Spaniards are notorious for there horrible grasp of foreign languages. o The current strength of the Euro also makes investments in Latin America attractive.


  • As mentioned previously, one area that will increasingly draw criticism from stakeholders and activists is in the area of distribution of wealth. In Chile the lines between those who have and those who don’t have are increasing.
  • Chile’s energy network/grid has shown signs in the past (1999) of needing further investments to avoid shortfalls in production and supply.
  • Chile’s energy portfolio is certainly a weak point, which while the country does have some renewable energy sources – most notably in the area of hydroelectricity – there is a deficit with respect to gas and oil, the result lending to supply shortages.
  • While Chile is “an open market” there is actually tight control on the distribution channels – roughly 80% of retail distribution is handled by 20% of the distributors, which would suggest that this area needs to be liberalized.
  • With respect to the above point, when introducing some consumer products distributors will demand additional support for publicity and promotions, for which the foreign companies will have to be willing to provide.
  • Given the tight control on the retail supply chain and distribution at times it is viewed that certain participants hold too much power when it is time to negotiate business terms.
  • While taxation is generally lower – except for alcoholic beverages (27%), there are also some barriers for the importation for motor vehicles and parts.
  • There have been some reports tighter controls on press freedom. In Spain there was coverage recently of a Committee to Protect Journalist report (May 23) that Chilean photographer Víctor Salas suffered a serious eye injury on Wednesday when he was struck by a police officer as he was covering a protest outside parliament in the southwestern city of Valparaíso. Salas works for the Spanish state news agency EFE.
  • While Chile’s economy is a positive, it is also showing some signs of growth slowing down, and unemployment and inflation both rising.
  • For the most part Chile has avoided political financial scandals, although that has recently changed – and which oddly seems to be the product of a stuffy government process inherited from Dictator Pinochet. o Indeed, Pinochet remains a weakness in terms of branding and marketing, perhaps not helped by the ongoing leaks, trials and reports. On the other hand, Spain has something to offer in this area as it also seems to have recovered from a similar situation under Franco.
  • Some Spanish businessmen said they cannot understand why there isn’t a full agreement between Chile and Mercosur, rather than just being an Associate Member.


  • Given the current makeup of Chile’s energy sector – its dependence upon gas and oil, etc – this should provide the country an opportunity to invest in renewable energies, such as in solar and wind-power, areas in which Spain has several leading companies. Iberdrola, Acciona, Endesa, Gamesa, ACS amongst others are more than qualified to bring their technology and know-how to Chile.
  • Chile is also diversifying into the LNG market, an area where Spanish companies are world leaders.
  • Chile can be a platform to enter other countries given its vast Free Trade agreements. Specifically, foreign investors can take advantage of a Law signed Nov 23, 2002 that seeks to foment foreign investors to use Chile as base to enter other Latin American and global countries. Spanish companies and investors are especially suited to take advantage of such legislation given the cultural similarities and common language in the region.
  • Chile offers growth and investment possibilities in the construction sector, especially in the area of building second homes.
  • Chile continues to offer important investment possibilities in the area of tourism.
  • Chile offers a stable and dynamic market that is supported by a professional manner of doing business.
  • One sector that is currently undergoing spectacular growth, and which Spanish companies can bring their know-how and investments, is in the area of “green” projects, related to sustainable growth, corporate responsibility and environmental protection.
  • The Chilean market is extremely competitive in terms of the relationship between price and product, which means that there is room when negotiating for value-added services or products when seeking positioning in the market and client-customer loyalty – something that Spanish companies can provide.
  • The Spanish government has made it a priority to invest in science and technology, meaning there could be clear opportunities to do business in Chile given that government’s economic policies that also seek to foment investments in this sector.


  • There are continued supply concerns with respect to not only electricity, but also in the area of agricultural products.
  • Chile must resolve its outstanding border disputes with Peru and Bolivia.
  • There does exist the threat of the influence from populist Latin American governments in Chile’s politics, most notably from Venezuela, Ecuador and Bolivia.
  • Given Chile’s geography there does exist the constant threat of earthquakes.
  • Environmental concerns:
  1. Significant threats to Chile’s freshwater and marine habitats are caused by the ever growing aquaculture industry – primarily salmon farming.
  2. The establishment of non-native tree plantations is considered by many to be the greatest threat to Chile’s native forests.
  3. The primary environmental threats to Chile are air pollution from vehicle and. industrial emissions, water pollution from untreated industrial sewage.


With respect to what most positively affects a country’s perception in Spain it must first be stated that Spain is very nationalistic. There is a love-hate relationship – some would say envy – with various countries based on historical incidents.

In addition, Spaniards love rankings and continually are publishing articles to show that they are in the vanguard. This at times is extreme, to the point where there have been articles comparing how many cigarette butts, or trees – or worse – can be found on the streets of various European capitals.

More specifically, Spaniards might admit that certain products from the U.S. are top-quality, but they won’t let that sway them from still dredging up the Spanish-American War of 1898 and complaining of the loss of territories. Americans are consistently portrayed as being naïve and religious fanatics, while at the same time being hypocrites. It is a common game in Spain among American ex-pats to look for the “strange or bizarre American news story” that Spanish media routinely publish.

In the same way, there has been extensive news coverage this year to celebrate the 1808 war again France – which while it freed Spain from the French was also the beginning of its decline in influence in Latin America. A weakened Spain subsequently found itself facing Wars of Independence in Venezuela and Argentina.

All to say, that Spain – and Spaniards – have a long memory, and some would argue an inferiority complex.

Spaniards, besides being nationalistic, are also idealists. Countries with the most positive image perceptions in Spain have a strong record in Human Rights and Democratic ideals, fortified by solid economic models. In this respect of equal importance are countries that can contribute in the areas of Culture and Art, and High Technology. Spaniards are big spenders who love the latest high-tech gadget, and in that vein luxury goods.

With this in mind, it is interesting that according to a recent study by BBC, only 31% of Spaniards consider it a positive factor that China is an economic powerhouse. Indeed, according to that study out of all European countries it is Spain that holds the distinction of having the most negative image of China.

On the backdrop of the above information, the typical Spaniard tends to associate his spending by what is popular and trendy, rather than as being related to a specific country.

By Robert Steven Duncan

Should I buy an ice cream cone?

With all the innovative developments made these days, there are more than one reason to buy a tanning bed for individual use. In addition to getting a flawless glow all year round, you can also enjoy all the therapeutic benefits offered by tanning beds. Vitamin D is an important part of our health and can develop with bone strength, acne, osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, seasonal anxiety and many other health effects.

With the many advantages of owning a tanning bed, it is not really difficult to make a purchase decision. When it comes time to look at the market for an indoor blackberry bed, you should focus on a quality purchase. Continue reading to learn what to consider before buying an ice cream bed.

Choose a seller

When you start looking for the perfect tanning bed, finding the right vendor is the best place to start. It can be a reliable tanning bed manufacturer or a reliable retail company of tanning beds. Valuation, financing, billing, delivery fees, installation fees, return policies, warranties, etc. Use this information to decide which vendor or manufacturer is best for you. Knowing that you are in good hands in terms of customer service makes the buying process less stressful and less risky.

Select a type

Once you find a reliable seller, you can choose the type of bed. There are different brands, models and styles of indoor tanning beds, all with interchangeable lamps and lamp counters. When shopping, you will probably see standing booths, sleeping booths, light therapy beds and much more. It may feel great at first, so be sure to choose a style that best suits your needs in terms of comfort, space, and darkening goals. A common mistake to avoid is to buy the wrong size bed. You need to remember where you put the solarium and whether you have enough space. Standup beds are popular for living because they take up less space and tend to pull less.

Choose the power of a light bulb

After choosing the type of bed you want, you need to consider the strength you choose, taking into account the additional features you want. It all depends on the brand and model of your bed. Ask your salesperson for a comparison sheet to determine which bulb power is best for your tanning goals and personal comfort. If you are just starting to get dark, you will want to avoid high-intensity beds and lamps. If you have a little experience, you may want to think of a stronger bed or a bed that comes with multiple adjustments.

Select upgrades

Once you’ve set your eyes on a specific brand and model, you can start thinking about adding additional features or updates. This can include a wide range of options depending on the type and model of bed. Possible upgrades include sound controls, stereos, aroma therapies, red light therapies, water fog treatments, neck and shoulder piercings, facial skin, extra fans, custom colored lights, and more. Every year new updates and tanning booths are introduced to the market!

Still can’t get the tanning booth of your dreams? No problem! Just visit your local tanning salon!

How to be smart about the stock market

The stock market can have a big impact on world events and your finances, but many investors find it too complicated and difficult. Increasing your knowledge of the stock market can help you better understand the effects, but how do you get started? Consider taking the following steps.

Explore common investment terminology. The stock market is full of complex concepts, so start by understanding the terms that are often used. First, it helps to understand the meaning of all acronyms, from NASDAQ to NYSE and more. To break it all down, use an online investment dictionary that provides simple English definitions of general investment terms, or ask your financial advisor to explain them to you.

Sign up for a class. Take advantage of free webinars, seminars or workshops on the basics of investing. If you prefer to study in a classroom setting, take a basic course on investing in a local college or university, how the stock market works, or personal finance.

Follow the news. To get a healthy investment know-how, start watching the business and financial parts of your favorite media organization. You will begin to understand the types of business activities that affect the market, such as oil prices or new housing starts, and you will gain appreciation for those who deserve the news. As you adapt more to global markets, you will begin to see the ripple effect of news coverage from mergers and acquisitions, product innovations, and even natural disasters to general elections and terrorist attacks to Wall Street confidence.

See investment programs. Public radio and television channels often feature investment programs aimed at new and experienced investors. Even your local news channels can cover a market segment. Be wary of hidden infomercials as an information investment program.

Check stock applications. Today, there are hundreds of applications to help consumers understand their investments. Do you have friends who know you well? Ask what apps they use to keep up with the stock market. Before downloading a program, review it and choose the ones checked by trusted sources.

Follow your favorite companies. To better understand the movement of individual stocks, choose one of the best-selling companies to watch. Then check stock prices, the company’s newsroom and social media accounts every day. Tracking stocks over time will help you understand how actions such as company announcements and the sale of a product or comment by a manager can affect stock prices.

Work with a financial specialist. An expert can help you understand your investment options and help you make the most appropriate financial decisions for your individual needs. Work with someone who wants to explain investment concepts and provide training materials. Tell your specialist if you want to learn more about the market. Most likely, they will be ready to send you news articles, add them to a newsletter, or call you to discuss market news that interests you.

To satisfy an unbearable human hunger

Have you ever wondered if there is anything you can do so deeply that causes a ripple effect?

Well, there is.

The most basic thing is to meet the needs of a person. According to Dale Carnegie, getting to know other people, being friends, and influencing others is the secret. Abraham Lincoln once said, “Everyone likes a definition.” The deepest principle in human nature is the desire to be appreciated. “The desire to feel important is one of the key differences between human beings and animals,” Dale Carnegie said.

Good leaders know how to encourage and thank people who work for them. A leader who knows how to satisfy the hunger for recognition of others will hold the world in his hands. There is a beautiful chapter in Carnegie’s book called “The Whole World Can Do It.” Just can’t go one way. “

Translation: If you can find a way to get to know people for their strengths and show them gratitude, you will have a lot of friends and followers. If you can’t, you’ll be left alone – very alone.

Eating to think: Think. Who do you think will support you in difficult times? People you appreciate and know, or people you don’t care about?

What is ICO in cryptocurrency?

ICO is short for Initial Coin Offer. When introducing a new cryptocurrency or crypto-token, developers offer a limited number of units to investors in exchange for other major cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin or Ethereum.

ICOs are an incredible tool for rapidly raining down on development funds to support new cryptocurrencies. The tokens offered during the ICO can be traded on cryptocurrency exchanges, assuming there is enough demand.

Ethereum ICO is one of the most notable successes, and the popularity of the first coin offers is growing as we talk.

A brief history of ICOs

Ripple is probably the first cryptocurrency distributed by the ICO. In early 2013, Ripple Labs began developing the Ripple payment system and generated about 100 billion XRP tokens. These were sold through an ICO to finance Ripple’s platform development.

Mastercoin is another cryptocurrency that also sold several million tokens for Bitcoin during an ICO in 2013. Mastercoin aims to mark Bitcoin transactions and execute smart contracts by creating a new layer on top of the existing Bitcoin code.

Of course, there are other cryptocurrencies that have been successfully funded by ICOs. In 2016, Lisk raised about $ 5 million during the First Coin Offers.

However, Ethereum’s ICO, which took place in 2014, is the most notable to date. During the ICO, the Ethereum Foundation earned about $ 20 million by selling 0.0005 Bitcoin each. Ethereum, using the power of smart contracts, paved the way for the next generation First Coin Offers.

Ethereum’s ICO, a recipe for success

Ethereum’s smart contract system has implemented the ERC20 protocol standard, which sets out the basic rules for creating other compatible tokens that can be processed in Ethereum’s blockchain. This allowed others to create their own markings in accordance with the ERC20 standard, which can be sold directly to Ethereum with ETH.

DAO is a notable example of the successful use of Ethereum’s smart contracts. The investment company raised $ 100 million worth of ETH, and investors received DAO tokens that allowed them to participate in platform management. Unfortunately, the DAO failed after being attacked.

Ethereum’s ICO and ERC20 protocols described the latest generation of blockchain-based projects through their first coin offerings.

It has also made it much easier to invest in other ERC20 tokens. You simply transfer the ETH, paste the contract into your wallet, and new tokens will appear in your account so you can use them as you wish.

Obviously, not all cryptocurrencies have ERC20 tokens living on the Ethereum network, but any new blockchain-based project can offer an Initial Coin Offer.

Legal status of ICOs

When it comes to the legality of ICOs, there is a bit of a jungle. Theoretically, tokens are sold as digital goods, not as financial assets. Most jurisdictions have not yet regulated ICOs, so if we consider that there is an experienced lawyer in the founding teams, the whole process should be undocumented.

However, some jurisdictions have become aware of ICOs and are already working to regulate them in a similar way to the sale of stocks and securities.

In December 2017, the US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) classified ICO tokens as securities. In other words, the SEC was preparing to stop ICOs that they thought were misleading investors.

There are some cases where the sign is just a help sign. This means that the owner can only use it to access a particular network or protocol, in which case it cannot be defined as financial security. However, the capital verses that aim to assess value are very close to the concept of security. In fact, most miracles are performed specifically for commercial purposes.

Despite the efforts of regulators, ICOs still remain in a gray legal area, and until a more precise regulation is implemented, entrepreneurs will try to take advantage of the First Coin Offers.

As a rule, when it comes to the final form of regulation, appropriate cost and effort can make ICOs less attractive compared to traditional financing options.

The last words

For now, ICOs remain an incredible way to fund new crypto-related projects, and there are more successful projects in the future.

However, keep in mind that everyone is starting ICOs these days, and many of these projects are fraudulent or lack the solid foundation they need to thrive and will be worth the investment. For this reason, you should do a thorough research and research the group and background of any crypto project you want to invest in. There are many websites out there that list ICOs, just do a search on Google and you will find some options. .

How much do unfortunate customers cost?

Recently Harvard Business Review OnPoint In the article “Don’t try to please your customers”, four statistics were shared about the impact of poor customer service on the fluctuations in your business.

  • 25% of customers will say something positive about their experiences.
  • 65 percent are likely to speak negatively.
  • 23% of customers with positive service interactions told 10 or more people about it.
  • 48% of customers with negative experiences spoke to 10 or more others.

(HarP Business Review OnPoint article by Matthew Dixon, Karen Freeman and Nicholas Toman)

The moral aspect of the story (in my opinion):

  • Unhappy customers talk more than happy customers.
  • Unhappy customers do no good to your business.
  • Unhappy customers are bad for your business.

If I were to recommend a quick, one-step solution to this problem – it would be simple: don’t let your unhappy customers get unhappy.

What do I mean by that? Yes, there are really three things – all of which will work wonders for the quality of your customer experience.

1. Ask for feedback immediately. If you wait a few days without sending a customer service request, you increase the time they are forced to spread information about the experience that spoils their day. So talk to them before you leave the building, before you put your phone down, and before you refuse to attend a time they are ready to do. The sooner you realize what’s wrong, the better your chances of rebuilding a relationship with your customer.

2. Make the last customer’s touch point memorable. Customers interact with a variety of employees, systems, and services while they are in your building or on your site, so make sure the last thing they experience is incredibly positive. I don’t think a good memory can take back a poor experience, but research has shown that what people remember has a greater impact than what people experience (Research by Daniel Kahneman), so do not miss the opportunity to put everything on a positive note.

3. As much as you can, solve the problem as soon as the customer solves the problem. It’s similar to # 1, but the difference is that it’s the number one way to give customers instant feedback – it’s to catch unhappy reviews quickly. This step is to determine the solution and take action to solve the problem. Many business customers are told, “We’ll call you when we make an update,” or “We’ll get more information on this in two weeks,” or “We’ll do an inventory update after hearing from the Housing Headquarters.” Some of these justifications are unavoidable – but the goal is to get things done on the spot when possible. Don’t procrastinate when you don’t need to – all issues should be urgent for a customer. Show them that you care about them by doing something about it came down.

Don’t ignore, avoid, or abandon your customers’ concerns – contact them immediately to take action-oriented steps these are priorities. This will minimize the amount of damage they can do – to your reputation and bottom line.